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Italian term derived from the name of Mayorca, main island of the Baleares archipelago. Decorated Spanish ceramics were extensively exported through these islands. Maiolica is a technique where the decoration is painted onto an unbaked tin-glazed ceramic piece (see under-glaze). Once the decoration is finished, the piece is fired to a temperature of about 1,000° Celsius (1,820° Fahrenheit). Influenced by potters from Spain, maiolica developed in Italy during the 15th century. Motifs ranged from portraits to coats of arms, ornamental designs, religious motifs, and scenes from the myths of antiquity. Maiolica is known as faïence in French.

Maiolica-G       albarello-maiolica


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